There are two major types of vertigo:
Subjective Vertigo - when the affected person feels that they are spinning.
Objective Vertigo - when the affected person feels that objects around them are spinning.
Dizziness and vertigo typically occur when the head moves. Head movement causes electronic impulses to be transmitted to the labyrinth, a part of the inner ear consisting of three semicircular bony canals that are filled with fluid. The labyrinth transmits the information to the Vestibular nerve.
The vestibular nerve carries the signal to the brainstem and cerebellum, parts of the brain responsible for coordinating balance, movement, blood pressure, and consciousness. When the system is not functioning properly, the dizziness, lightheadedness and balance disorders of vertigo occur.
While it is possible that a serious medical conditions such as a brain tumor or stroke may cause vertigo, the cause is usually not sinister, even though the symptoms may be debilitating.
Common causes of vertigo include Benign Positional VErtigo, cervicogenic vertigo, Meniere’s syndrome, and migraine-associated vertigo. In these cases specific chiropractic adjustments may be useful.
In one study, 60 patients diagnosed by their physician with a benign form of vertigo received chiropractic care over a 6-month period. Forty-eight patients were symptom-free after the 6 months and the remainder reported reduced severity and/or frequency of vertigo.
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